Art. 1 – The world is a Federal Republic founded on Isocratic production of ideas and resources to the collective well-being rated. The sovereignty belongs, in the forms and limits of the Constitution, every citizen equally.
Art. 2 – The Republic recognizes the citizen, both as an individual and social groups in which he expresses his personality, the inalienable right to be protected from injustice or unfair and, if they become aware of the social duty to report them.
Art. 3 – The citizens have equal social dignity without distinction of sex, race, language, religion, political opinion, personal and social condition; before the law, before the Italians, everyone is “citizen of the universe”. It is the responsibility of the Republic to remove those obstacles of political, economic and social nature which constrain the freedom and equality of citizens, prevent full individual development and the desirable positive trend of the whole political system, economic and social in the country.
Art. 4 – The Republic recognizes that all citizens the right to free expression as long as they comply with applicable laws and to receive, for such action, a reasonable compensation under the laws of the market. Every citizen has the right to play, according to his possibilities and choices, as long as an activity or function contributes to the material and moral progress of society as a whole.
Art. 5 – The Republic, one and indivisible, is Federal and so recognizes and promotes local autonomies, and implements, services that depend on the State, the broadest measure of administrative accords the principles and methods of its legislation to the requirements of autonomy and decentralization .
Art. 6 – The Republic safeguards linguistic minorities by special rules.
Art. 7 – The World State complies with the order and the independence of every sovereign state that is not ruled by violence or tyranny. The Italian Republic is a member of the UN as the European Parliament and of these arise in order to safeguard a fair international law.
Art. 8 – All religious confessions are equally free before the law and their acts are valued as those of any other citizen, organization, agency or institution. Their relations with the State are regulated by law on the basis of agreements with their respective representatives.
Art.9 – The Republic promotes the development of science and art of the country, protecting the environment and heritage within the frame, aimed at preservation of national culture.
Art. 10 – The World legal system conforms to the generally recognized norms of international law. The legal status of foreigners is regulated by law in conformity with international standards and treaties. A foreigner who is denied his country in the effective exercise of the freedoms guaranteed by the World Constitution isocratic has the right of asylum in the territory of the Republic according to the conditions laid down by law.
Do not allow the extradition of a foreigner for political offenses.
Art. 11 – The World rejects war as an instrument of aggression against the freedoms of others peoples and as a means of settling international disputes allows, on an equal footing with other states, to the limitations of sovereignty necessary for an order that ensures peace and justice among nations, promotes and encourages international organizations having such ends.
Art. 12 – The flag of the Republic is the draw of the two half of the world in a yellow circle in a rectangle half light blue and half dark blue..
PART I – RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZENS
Title I – Civil Relations
Art. 13 – Personal liberty is inviolable unless that does not compromise the constitutionally recognized, the other. It is not allowed any form of detention, inspection or personal search nor any other restriction of his liberty by a reasoned evaluation, and only in cases and manner provided by law. The public security authorities, in exceptional cases of necessity and urgency strictly defined by applicable law, may adopt interim measures that must be reported within forty-eight hours to coordinate evaluation and, if this not be confirmed in the next forty-eight hours, they are revoked prejudice so devoid of any effect. It is punished every physical and moral violence on individuals subjected to restrictions of freedom. The law establishes the maximum period of preventive detention.
Art. 14 – The home is inviolable. There may be inspected or search or seizure except in cases and manner established by law in accordance with the guarantees prescribed for safeguarding personal freedom. The investigations and inspections for reasons of health and safety or for economic and fiscal purposes are regulated by special laws.
Art. 15 – The freedom and secrecy of correspondence and any other form of communication is inviolable. Their limitation may be imposed only by warrant from the evaluation with the guarantees established by law.
Art. 16 – Every citizen may move and reside freely in any part of the national territory, within the limits established by the law in general for reasons of health or safety. No restrictions may be made for political reasons. Every citizen is free to leave the territory of the Republic and re-enter, unless required by law.
Art. 17 – Citizens have the right to assemble peacefully and unarmed for meetings, even in a place open to the public, no notice is required. For meetings in the public notice must be given to the authorities, who may forbid them only for reasons of security or public safety.
Art. 18 – Citizens have the right to associate freely, without authorization, for purposes which are not forbidden to individuals by criminal law. Secret associations are prohibited and those who serve, even indirectly, political ends by military organizations.
Art. 19 – Everyone has the right to freely profess their religious faith in any form, individually or in association, to propaganda and in private or in public worship, provided, that the rites are not contrary to morality.
Art. 20 – The ecclesiastical nature and purpose of religion or belief, of an association or institution, can not be a cause for special limitations in law, tax liens or particularly for its establishment, legal status or any of its activities.
Art. 21 – Everyone has the right to freely express their thoughts in speech, writing or any other means of communication. The press can not be subjected to authorization or censorship.
Seizure is permitted only by a warrant from the evaluation in the case of offenses for which the Press Act and the regulations expressly so authorizes. In such cases, when there is absolute urgency and when the timely intervention of the courts, the seizure of the press can be performed by official assessors, who must promptly, always within twenty-four hours, the same complaint to make. If this validation in the twenty-four hours, the seizure will be defined.
The law may establish, by general rules, the disclosure of the financial resources of the periodical press. Are prohibited publications, shows and other displays contrary to morality, if not properly authorized. The law establishes appropriate means to prevent and suppress violations.
Art. 22 – No one can be deprived for political reasons of legal capacity, citizenship, name.
Art. 23 – No personal service or property may be imposed except by law.
Art. 24 – Anyone can ask for the protection of their legitimate rights and interests apply to the evaluation. The defense is inviolable at every stage of the proceedings.
For the less affluent, are sure ways to act and defend themselves before any assessment.
The law determines the conditions and ways to repair the error evaluation.
Art. 25 – No one may be distracted by the evaluator previously ascertained by law, be punished except by virtue of a law is in force before the offense was committed or subject to security measures except in cases provided by law.
Art. 26 – The extradition of a citizen is permitted only in cases expressly provided for in international conventions. Under no circumstances is permitted for political offenses.
Art. 27 – Criminal responsibility is personal and not for sale.
The defendant is not considered guilty until the final assessment of guilt.
Punishment can not consist in treatment contrary to human dignity and must aim at rehabilitating the offender.
It is not permitted the death penalty.
Art. 28 – Officials and employees of the State and public bodies, like any other worker, are directly responsible, under criminal, civil and administrative law, for acts committed in violation of existing rules in relation to their use.
Title II – Reports ethical and social
Art. 29 – The Republic recognizes the rights of the family as a natural society founded on marriage.
Marriage is based on the moral and legal equality of spouses within the limits established by law to guarantee the unity of the family.
Art. 30 – It is the duty and right of parents to support and educate their children even if born out of wedlock. In cases of incapacity of the parents, the law provides for the fulfillment of their tasks.
The law ensures to children born outside of marriage full legal and social protection, compatible with the legitimate rights of family members.
The law lays down the rules and limitations for the determination of paternity.
Art. 31 – The Republic assists through economic measures and other provisions the formation of the family and the fulfillment of its duties, with particular consideration for large families.
Protects mothers, children and youth, promoting the institutions necessary for that purpose.
Art. 32 – The Republic safeguards health as a fundamental right of the individual and collective interest, and guarantees free medical care to the indigent.
Nobody can be forced to a specific medical treatment except for the provisions of the law. The law can in no case violate the limits imposed by respect for the human person.
Art. 33 – The art and science are free and it is the teaching.
The Republic lays down general rules for education and establishes state schools for all orders and degrees. Organizations and individuals shall have the right to establish schools and institutions of education, at no cost to the state. The law, in fixing the rights and obligations of non-state schools which request parity, shall ensure that these freely and to their pupils scholastic treatment equal to that of pupils in state schools. State examinations are prescribed for admission to the levels and types of schools or at their termination and for qualifications to exercise a profession.
Institutions of higher learning, universities and academies, have the right to their own regulations within the limits established by state law.
Art. 34 – The school is open to all. Elementary education, imparted for at least eight years, is compulsory and free. Capable and deserving pupils, even without means have the right to attain the highest levels of education. The Republic renders this right effective through scholarships, allowances to families and other benefits, which devano be attributed to the competition.
Title III – Economic Reports
Art. 35 – The Republic protects work in all its forms and applications.
For the training and professional advancement of workers.
It promotes and encourages international agreements and international organizations aimed at establishing and regulating labor rights.
It recognizes the freedom to emigrate, safeguarding obligations established by law in general, and protects Italian workers abroad.
Art. 36 – The employee is entitled to wages in proportion to the quantity and quality of their work and in any case as sufficient to ensure, to the family and free and dignified existence.
The maximum duration of the working day is fixed by law.
The employee is entitled to a weekly rest and paid annual leave, and can not waive this right.
Art. 37 – Working women have the same rights and for equal work, equal pay as working. Working conditions must allow women to fulfill their essential family duties and to ensure mother and child a special appropriate protection.
The law establishes the minimum age for wage labor.
The Republic protects the work of children with special provisions and guarantees them equal work, the right to equal pay.
Art. 38 – Every citizen unable to work and without means of subsistence has a right to welfare support.
Workers have the right to be assured adequate means for their needs and necessities in case of accident, sickness, disability and old age and involuntary unemployment.
Disabled and handicapped persons have the right to education and vocational training.
The duties laid down in this article are provided for organs and institutions established or supported by the State. Private assistance is free.
Art. 39 – The union is free.
The unions can not be imposed obligation other than registration at local or central, according to the law. It is a condition of registration that the statutes of trade unions establish a basis of the internal isocratic. Registered trade unions are legal persons. They can, through a unified representation in proportion to their membership, collective labor contracts with binding effect for all the categories under which the contract relates.
Art. 40 – The right to strike is exercised within the laws that regulate it.
Art. 41 – Private economic initiative is free.
There shall not be contrary to the common good or in a manner that could damage safety, liberty and human dignity.
The law determines appropriate planning and controls so that public and private economic activities may be directed and coordinated social purposes.
Art. 42 – The property is public or private. Economic assets belong to the State, to entities or individuals.
Private property is recognized and guaranteed by law, which prescribes the manner of acquisition, enjoyment and limitations so as to ensure its social function and make it accessible to all.
Private property may be, in such cases provided by law, and payment of compensation, be expropriated for reasons of general interest.
The law establishes the regulations and the limits of legitimate and testamentary inheritance and the inheritance rights of the State.
Art. 43 – For the sake of general utility the law may reserve or transfer, by means of expropriation and compensation, the State, to public or community workers or users, specific enterprises or categories of businesses which relate to essential public services or sources of energy or monopolies and have the nature of primary interest.
Art. 44 – In order to achieve the rational exploitation of land and equitable social relationships, the law imposes obligations and constraints on private ownership of land, fixed limits to its extent depending on the region and agricultural zone, encourages and imposes land reclamation, the transformation the estates and the reorganization of productive units, assists small and medium-sized holdings.
The law makes provisions for mountain areas.
Art. 45 – The Republic recognizes the social function of cooperation of a mutualistic, non-speculative. The law promotes and encourages them through the most appropriate means and secures, through appropriate controls, the character and purposes.
The law safeguards and promotes artisanal work.
Art. 46 – For the purposes of the elevation of economic and social work in harmony with the demands of production, the Republic recognizes the right of workers to collaborate, in the manner and within the limits established by law, the management of enterprises.
Art. 47 – The Republic encourages and safeguards savings in all its forms, regulates, coordinates and controls the operation of credit.
It promotes the access of the savings to ownership, to directly cultivated property and indirect investment in law and equity of the large production complexes in the country.
Title IV – Political Relations
Art. 48 – Voters are all citizens, men and women who have come of age.
The vote is personal and equal, free and secret. Its exercise is a civic duty.
The right to vote can not be restricted except for civil incapacity or as a result of irrevocable penal sentence or in cases of moral unworthiness established by law.
Art. 49 – All citizens have the right to freely associate in groups of five people (administrators) that, once elected, will manage the state in all its forms.
Art. 50 – All citizens may present petitions to the auditors to request legislative measures or to express needs.
Art. 51 – All citizens of either sex are eligible for public offices and elected positions on equal terms, according to the requirements established by law.
The law may, for admission to public offices and elected positions, the Italians do not equate to the citizens belonging to the Republic.
Those who are called elective public office is entitled to the time needed to perform and keep his job.
Art. 52 – The defense of the Fatherland is a sacred duty for every citizen, according to the possibilities and inclinations of each.
The ordering of the armed forces are isocratic as the spirit of the Republic.
Art. 53 – All are required to contribute to public expenditure because of their ability to pay.
The tax system is based on criteria of progressivity.
Art. 54 – All citizens have the duty to be loyal to the Republic and to uphold the Constitution and laws.
Those citizens to whom public functions are entrusted have the duty to fulfill with discipline and honor, taking an oath in cases established by law.
PART II – ORGANISATION OF THE REPUBLIC
Title I – Coordination
Art. 55 – The coordination and thus the entire power management of the republic, is shared equally between the five coordinators, elected as “pentacoalization” universal suffrage and direct (from people with sixteen years of age) for a term of five years, with the possibility of re-election indefinitely. Each of them will coordinate a different aspect of state action:
1 – Action legislative
2 – Action implementation
3 – Evaluation Action
4 – Action revisional
5 – Action Representative.
Section I – The Senate
Art. 56 – The coordination of legislative action, exercised by the Senate, it is for a coordinator also called First Senator.
The First Senator coordinates, as first among equals, a team composed of four more legislators, appointed by himself. The five senators, in turn, coordinate the action of five legislative assemblies, each with different specifications: 1-rights of the State 2-duties of the State 3- rights of the citizen 4-duties of the citizen 5-international law (the latter coordinated by the First Senator).
Art. 57 – The Legislative Assemblies are composed of twenty-five members each. In total, one hundred twenty-five senators are covered.
Top senators are eligible to all voters, on election day, have made the twenty-five years of age.
Art. 58 – The Senate shall adopt its rules by absolute majority of its members.
The meetings are public except for grave reasons of public order and serious decisions. The Senate meets in plenary session at least once a week.
The resolutions are not valid if there is a majority of their constituents and if they are taken by majority vote of those present, unless the Constitution prescribes a special majority.
Each coordinator has the right first, and if required the obligation, to attend meetings and intervene where necessary.
Art. 59 – The law determines the cases of ineligibility and incompatibility with the office of senator. No one may belong simultaneously to different offices with basic specification.
Art. 60 – The Senate decides the qualifications for admission of its members and the causes of ineligibility and incompatibility.
Art. 61 – Each Senator represents the Nation and carries out his duties without a binding mandate.
Art. 62 – Members of the Senate may be prosecuted for opinions expressed or votes cast in the exercise of their duties, if against the law.
In the case of criminal proceedings, every senator will follow the dictates “The law is equal for all”, posing as an ordinary citizen to the evaluation of acts.
Art. 63 – Members of Parliament shall receive a compensation established by law according to meritocratic criteria.
Section II – The formation of laws
Art. 64 – The legislative function is exercised exclusively by the Senate.
Art. 65 – Legislation is initiated by each member of the First Cordinator and you and members of their cabinet. The people may initiate legislation by the proposal, by at least fiftythousand electors, a bill drafted in articles. One hundred thousand signatures are needed to repeal a law.
Art. 66 – Every bill presented to the Senate shall, in accordance with its rules, examined by members of the Senate itself, which approves it section by section and with a final vote.
The rules establish shortened procedures for draft legislation that has been declared urgent. The five groups are legislated independent review and approve bills. Each bill can be stopped by a vote of 25 Senators. The normal procedure for consideration and direct approval by the Senate is always followed for bills on constitutional and electoral enabling legislation, the ratification of international treaties, approval of budgets and accounts.
Art. 67 – Laws can be stopped by an absolute majority of the board of the five First Coordinators within a month of their approval. Laws are published immediately after approval and shall enter into force on the fifteenth day following its publication, unless the laws themselves establish a different time.
Art. 68 – The First Board of Coordinators, before promulgating a law, may a considered opinion in the Senate, ask for a new debate.
If the Senate approves the law again, it must be promulgated.
Art. 69 – The exercise of the legislative function may not be delegated to other First Coordinators if not with the determination of principles and criteria and only for a limited time and for specified.
Art. 70 – When, in cases of extraordinary need and urgency, the Implementation Coordination issues interim measures with the force of law, the same day must present them for conversion to the Senate, which is specially convened and shall meet within five days.
The decrees lose effect from their inception if they are not converted into law within sixty days of their publication. The decrees passed into law does not totally lose effectiveness.
Art. 71 – Amnesty and pardon are granted by the College of the five First Coordinator, unanimously.
They can not apply to offenses committed after the proposed delegation.
Art. 72 – Each Senator may conduct inquiries on matters of public interest with whatever means it deems most appropriate, or try to block the other that it considers harmful. The committee of inquiry conducts its investigations and examinations with the same powers and the same limitations as evaluative.
Section III – The Government of the Republic
Art. 73 – The coordination of the implementation, carried out by the Government of the Republic, it is for a coordinator also called Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister coordinates, as first among equals, a team composed of four other ministers appointed by him. The five Ministers, in turn, coordinate their actions for the implementation of five assemblies, each with different specifications: 1-Activity of the State of the State 2-Liabilities of the State 3-Activities of the citizen 4-liabilities of the city 5-International Cooperation (the latter coordinated by the Prime Minister).
Art. 74 – The implementation Assemblies are composed of twenty-five members each. In total, one hundred twenty-five Ministers are covered.
They are elected as Prime Minister that all voters, on election day, have made the twenty-five years of age.
Art. 75 – The Government shall adopt its rules by absolute majority of its members.
The meetings are public except for grave reasons of public order and serious decisions. The Government will meet in plenary session at least once a week.
The resolutions are not valid if there is a majority of their constituents and if they are taken by majority vote of those present, unless the Constitution prescribes a special majority.
Each coordinator has the right first, and if required the obligation, to attend meetings and intervene where necessary. Each member of the state structure, may make a proposal for implementation.
Art. 76 – The law determines the cases of ineligibility and incompatibility with the office of minister. No one may belong simultaneously to different offices with basic specification.
Art. 77 – The Government decides the qualifications for admission of its members and the causes of ineligibility and incompatibility.
Art. 78 – Each minister represents the Nation and carries out his duties without a binding mandate.
Art. 79 – Members of the Government may be prosecuted for opinions expressed or votes cast in the exercise of their functions, though against the law.
In the case of criminal proceedings, each Minister will follow the dictates “The law is equal for all”, posing as an ordinary citizen to the evaluation of acts.
Art. 80 – Members of the Government shall receive a compensation fixed by law according to meritocratic criteria.
Section IV-function implementation
Art. 81 – The function implementation is exercised exclusively by the Government.
Art. 82 – In addition to initiate legislation, the government takes care of business management of the State, with particular attention to citizen satisfaction and in compliance with laws passed by pentacoalization in power.
The people may object to any initiative of the Government, through the proposal, by at least fifty electors, a bill drafted in articles. It can also be a promoter of acts, with the collection of signatures at least one hundred thousand.
Art. 83 – Each proposed implementation, the Government has made, according to its rules, examined by members of the government itself, which approves it section by section and with a final vote. The rules establish shortened procedures for the implementation of these proposals has been declared urgent. The five implementation groups may independently review and approve proposals. Each of these can be stopped by a vote of 25 Ministers. The normal procedure for consideration and direct approval by the Government has always adopted for the acts on constitutional and electoral approval of budgets and accounts.
Art. 84 – The Acts can be stopped by an absolute majority of the board of the five First Coordinators, within one month of their approval.
The proceedings are published immediately after the approval and shall become effective immediately upon publication, unless the acts themselves establish a different time.
Art. 85 – The exercise of the function implementation can not be delegated to others except with First Coordinators determination of principles and criteria and only for a limited time and for specified.
Art. 86 – In cases of extraordinary need and urgency, the Implementation Coordination may issue provisional measures having the force of law, the same day must present them for conversion to the Senate, which is specially convened and shall meet within five days.
The decrees lose effect from their inception if they are not converted into law within sixty days of their publication. The decrees passed into law does not totally lose effectiveness.
Art. 87 – Coordination shall submit an annual implementation budgets and accounts to be approved by the Coordination revisional.
The provisional budget can not be granted except by law and for periods not exceeding a total of four months. With the approval of the budget by the revisional management, we can not introduce new taxes and new expenditures.
Art. 88 – Each Minister may conduct inquiries on matters of public interest with whatever means it deems most appropriate, or try to block the other that it considers harmful. The committee of inquiry conducts its investigations and examinations with the same powers and the same limitations as evaluative.
Section V – Coordination of evaluation of the Republic
Art. 89 – The evaluation is done right or wrong actions, as appropriate, by the Coordination Evaluative, the figure of the First Evaluator, assisted by four assessors appointed by him.
The five evaluators well identified, forming the First Court Evaluative, and are each leading a team of twenty-four evaluators, a total of 125 evaluators, divided into five sections. These are: 1-The Council of State: Currency Crimes of the State 2-The Court of Auditors: Currency Crimes of the citizen 3-Superior Council of Magistracy: evaluates the merits / demerits of the State 4-the court of Assizes: assesses the merits / demerits of the city 5-l’Alta International Court: Currency international issues (the latter co-ordinated by the First Evaluator).
The evaluators are also subject to the law, to be elected or appointed, must be at least twenty-five years of age.
Art. 90 – The evaluation function is exercised by ordinary Assessors, established and regulated by rules of evaluation. Evaluators may be established for emergency or extraordinary or special needs, but in that case the evaluation, to be valid, must be approved by a majority of the board of assessors 125 (the evaluating panel). They can be hosted evaluative bodies, specialized sections for specific matters, with the participation of qualified citizens, strangers to the evaluating panel.
The law regulates the cases and forms of direct participation of people in the administration of the evaluation.
Art. 91 – By the first evaluator, according to the rules of the evaluation: recruitment, assignments and transfers, promotions and disciplinary measures of the evaluators.
Art. 92 – The evaluators report directly to the first evaluation, which in turn responds to the Grand Council of Pentacoalization.
Art. 93 – The rules governing the evaluation and any Court assessors shall be established by the Rules of the Apparatus Valutatorio.
The law ensures the independence of evaluators from possible manipulation by political forces or other threatening the integrity and the truth of the assessments themselves.
Art. 94 – The authorities assess and evaluatethese rappresentative of the State, as every citizen.
Section VI – Rules of assessments
Art. 95 – All evaluation measures must be motivated.
Against sentences and against measures on personal freedom pronounced by ordinary and special valuation are always allowed to use pentacoalization for violation of the law.
Art. 96 – The public prosecutor has the obligation to prosecute.
Art. 97 – Against acts of public administration is always permitted evaluation of the protection rights and legitimate interests before the organs of ordinary or administrative assessment.
This protection assessment can not be excluded or limited to particular kinds of appeal or for certain categories of acts.
The law determines which assessment bodies to annul acts of public administration in the cases and the effects provided by the law itself.
Section VII – The Chamber of the Republic revisional
Art. 98 – The revision of the laws of any work type, is made, as appropriate, by the Chamber prognostic, the figure of the First Auditor, assisted by four auditors appointed by him.
The five highlighted as auditors, they form the First Chamber prognostic, and are each leading a team of twenty-four auditors, a total of 125 auditors, divided into five sections. These are: 1-State of the Chamber: reviewing the laws for the State 2-The Board of Auditors: reviewing the laws for the citizen 3-revisional Council: reviewing the assessments for the State 4-The Court of Revision: reviewing the assessments for the city. 5-l’Alta International Chamber: reviewing the international issues (the latter co-ordinated by the First Auditor).
The auditors are also subject to the law, to be elected or appointed, must be at least twenty-five years of age.
Art. 99 – The evaluation function is exercised by ordinary auditors, established and regulated by rules of revisional.
Auditors may be established for emergency or extraordinary or special needs, but in this case review, to be valid, must be approved by a majority of the board of auditors 125 (College revisional). They can be hosted revisional bodies, specialized sections for specific matters, with the participation of qualified citizens, strangers to the college revisional.
The law regulates the cases and forms of direct participation of people in the administration of the prognostic.
Art. 100 – Belong to the First Auditor, according to the rules of the revisional: hiring, assignments and transfers, promotions and disciplinary action in respect of auditors.
Art. 101 – The auditors report directly to the First Auditor, which in turn responds to the Grand Council of pentacoalization.
Art. 102 – The rules governing the revisional revisionary and each House shall be determined by the internal regulations of the Apparatus revisional.
The law ensures the independence of auditors from possible manipulation by political forces or other threatening the integrity and the truth of the revisions themselves.
Art. 103 – Revisional authority is assessed, as any citizen.
Section VIII – Rules on revisions
Art. 104 – All revisional measures must be justified.
Against the revisions concerning the personal freedom pronounced by ordinary and special revisional are always allowed to use pentacoalization for violation of the law.
Art. 105 – Against acts of public administration is always permitted revisional protection of the rights and legitimate interests before the organs of ordinary or administrative review.
This protection can not be excluded or revisional limited to particular kinds of appeal or for certain categories of acts. The law determines which audit bodies to annul acts of public administration in the cases and the effects provided by the law itself.
Section VIII – The President of the Republic
Art. 106 – In pentacoalization Council, the President of the Republic is the coordinator with the representative action.
Art. 107 – Representation of the Republic is made, as appropriate, by the President of the College, the figure of the President (or Prime Ambassador) assisted by four ambassadors appointed by him.
The five ambassadors highlighted as well, forming the First Presidential Board, and are each leading a team of twenty-four ambassadors, a total of 125 ambassadors, divided into five sections. These are: 1-office relations with Europe 2-office relations with North America 3-office relations with South America 3-office relations with Asia 4-office relations with Africa and Oceania (the latter coordinated by the president).
The ambassadors are also subject to the law, to be elected or appointed, must be at least twenty-five years of age.
Art. 108 – Relations and relations with the various continents, are exercised on behalf of the Republic of ordinary Ambassadors, established and regulated by rules of relationships.
May be established ambassadors extraordinary or special urgency or necessity.
Art. 109 – The Chairman, in accordance with the rules of relational assumptions, assignments and transfers, promotions and disciplinary measures of the ambassadors.
Art. 110 – The Ambassadors will report directly to the President, which in turn responds to the Grand Council of pentacoalization.
Art. 111 – The rules of each Presidential Board or embassy, were prescribed by rules of procedure of the presidency.
The law ensures the independence of ambassadors from possible manipulation by political forces or other threatening the integrity and the truth of the embassies themselves.
Art. 112 – The presidential authority can be evaluated, like any citizen.
Art. 113 – All relational measures must be motivated.
Title II – Regions, Provinces, Municipalities
Art. 114 – The Republic is again in the capital (Rome), in five regions with five capitals (Milan, Florence, Naples, Palermo and Cagliari) and in the various municipalities, each coordinated by local representatives of the state, according to the criterion pentaorganizzativo.
Art. 115 – The Region shall issue laws for the following subjects within the limits of the fundamental principles established by the laws of the State, so far, those rules do not conflict with the national interest and that of other regions:
– Ordering of office and administrative bodies belonging to the Region;
– Municipal districts;
– Urban and rural local police;
– Fairs and markets;
– Charities and public health care and hospital;
– Education and professional craftsmanship and educational assistance;
– Local museums and libraries;
– Urban planning;
– Tourism and hospitality industry;
– Tram and bus lines of regional interest;
– Roads, aqueducts and public works of regional interest;
– Navigation and lake ports;
– Mineral and thermal waters;
– Quarries and peat bogs;
– Fishing in inland waters;
– Agriculture and forests;
– Arts and crafts;
– Other matters indicated by constitutional laws.
The laws of the Republic may delegate to the State the power to enact rules for their implementation.
Art. 116 – Region administrative functions incumbent upon the matters listed in the previous article, except those of purely local interest, which can be attributed by the laws of the Republic to municipalities or other local authorities.
The State may by law delegate to the State the exercise of other administrative functions.
The region normally carries out its administrative functions by delegating to municipalities or other local authorities, or by making use of their offices.
Art. 117 – The Regions have financial autonomy in the manner and within the limits established by the laws of the Republic, which shall coordinate with the finances of the State and municipalities.
The Regions are assigned their own taxes and share of state taxes, in relation to the needs of the regions for expenses necessary to fulfill their normal functions.
To provide for certain purposes, and particularly to enhance the South and Islands, the state law to assign individual regions special contributions.
The region has its own Federal property and assets, as stipulated by the law of the Republic.
Art. 118 – The Regions may not levy duties on imports or exports or transit between the regions.
Can not take measures which in any way obstruct the free movement of persons and property between the regions.
Can not restrict the right of citizens to exercise in any part of the national territory of their profession, employment or work.
Art. 119 – The bodies of the region: the regional council and its president.
Throughout twenty-five advisors are acting as divided into five shares of power sottoconsigli of five members each. They can propose laws to the Senate.
The President of the Regional Council and its four close associates, representing the region, promulgate laws and regional statutes, directs the functions implementation, evaluation, and revisional in its region. Respond directly to pentacoalization.
Art. 120 – The appointment system, and the number of cases of incompatibility regional councilors are established by a law of the Republic.
No one may belong simultaneously to a regional council and other institutional charges.
The pentacoalization appoint a regional president and he will appoint the Regional Council.
The regional councils may be called to answer for opinions expressed or votes cast in the exercise of their functions.
Art. 121 – Each region has a statute which, in harmony with the Constitution and the laws of the Republic lays down rules on the internal organization of the region. The statute shall regulate the exercise of the right of initiative and referendum on laws and administrative measures of the region and publication of regional laws and regulations.
The statute is approved by the Regional Council by an absolute majority of its members, and is approved by the Law of the Republic.
Art. 122 – A commissioner implementation, an evaluation and a prognostic, residents in the capital of the region, oversee the administrative functions exercised by the state and coordinate with those exercised by the Region.
Art. 123 – The legality of administrative acts of the Region is exercised in a decentralized, an arm of the State, in the manner and within the limits established by the laws of the Republic. The law may in some cases admit the control on the sole effect of promoting, by reasoned request, the review of the decision by the Regional Council.
In the Region have set up organs of administrative evaluation of First Instance, according to the rules established by the law of the Republic. May establish different sections based the regional capital.
Art. 124 – The Regional Council may be dissolved, when it acts contrary to the Constitution or serious violations of the law, or does not match the invitation of the Government to replace the Board or the President, who have done similar acts or violations.
It can be dissolved when, due to resignation or inability to form a majority, is unable to function.
It may also be terminated for reasons of national security.
The dissolution decree is willing reasoned pentacoalization
Art. 125 – Every law passed by the Regional Council has notified the Commissioner that, except in case of opposition from the pentacoalization must visit within thirty days of notification.
The law is promulgated within ten days from endorsement and shall enter into force no earlier than fifteen days after its publication. If a law is declared urgent by the Regional Council, and pentacoalization permits, promulgation and entry into force are not subject to the terms indicated.
The pentacoalization, when it deems that a law passed by the Regional Council or exceed the competence of the region contrasts with the national interests or those of other regions, the regional council refers to the deadline for the endorsement.
Where the Regional Council approves the new absolute majority of its members, the pentacoalization may, within fifteen days of communication, raise the question of legitimacy or merit before the Constitutional Court. In case of doubt, the Court decided who is competent.
Art 126 – The municipalities are autonomous entities within the principles established by the general laws of the Republic, which determine the functions.
Art. 127 – Municipalities are also districts of the state and regional devolution.
The provincial boundaries can be divided into districts with administrative functions only for a further decentralization.
Art. 128 – An organ of the Region, consisting in the manner prescribed by the law of the Republic, exercises, even in a decentralized, the legality of acts of municipalities and other local government entities. In cases determined by law may be exercised on the control of, in the form of a reasoned request to the deliberative bodies to review their decision.
Art. 129 – They consist of the following regions:
ValFata (Piemonte, Valle d’Aosta, Lombardy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia), Maroltre (Liguria, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Umbria, Marche, Lazio), Cabianca (Abruzzi, Molise, Campania, Puglia , Basilicata, Calabria), Concilia (Sicilia) and Sardinia.
Art. 130 – You can, by constitutional law, having heard the Regional Councils, a merger between existing Regions or the creation of new regions with a minimum of one million inhabitants, when requested by many municipal councils representing at least one third of the populations concerned, and the proposal is approved by referendum by a majority of said populations.
It may, by referendum and the law of the Republic, after consultation with the regional councils, to allow provinces and municipalities that request it, are disconnected from one region to another and aggregates.
Art. 131 – The Region, after hearing the people involved, may establish through its laws new Municipalities within its territory and modify their districts and names.
Title VI – Constitutional Guarantees
Section I – The Constitutional Court
Art. 132 – The Constitutional Court shall be constituted by members of pentacoalization finished second in the elections. Currency:
Controversies on the constitutional legitimacy of laws and acts having the force of law, the State and the Regions;
-On jurisdictional disputes between the powers of the State and those between the State and the Regions, and between regions;
-Accusations made against members of pentacoalization to government, under the Constitution.
Art. 133 – The constitutional judges shall leave office with the expiry of the mandate of pentacoalization in power. The positions of the five members of the court, mirror those of the members of pentacoalization. The office of judge of the Court is incompatible with membership of Parliament, of a Regional Council and with every appointment and office indicated by law.
In actions for charges against members of pentacoalization involved in power beyond the ordinary judges of the Court, twenty members chosen by lot from a list drawn up by the government, the citizens having the qualification necessary for election.
Art. 134 – When the Court declares unconstitutional a provision of law or enactment having the force of law, the law ceases to have effect from the day following the publication of the decision.
The Court’s decision is published and communicated to pentacoalization and Regional Councils concerned, so that, where considered necessary, they shall act in conformity with constitutional procedures.
Art. 135 – A constitutional law shall establish the conditions, forms, deadlines for proposing judgments on constitutional legitimacy, and the guarantees of the independence of judges.
Ordinary laws shall establish the other provisions necessary for the establishment and functioning of the Court.
The decisions of the Constitutional Court shall be no appeal.
Section II – Amendment of the Constitution. Constitutional Laws
Art. 136 – Laws amending the Constitution can only be decided by a majority of pentacoalization to power, three out of five regional councils, or a million signatures.
Art. 137 – The republican form can not be subject to constitutional review.
TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL
Art. I. With the entry into force of the Constitution, the vote is held to elect the new pentacoalization the First World Isocratic Republic.
Milan, 04/01/2012 – 04.45 hours
Signed: Simone Coen Balduzzi